American Bruce Beutler and French researcher Jules Hoffmann are sharing the Nobel Prize with French Ralph Steinman.
Bruce Beutler and Jules Hoffmann became 2011 Nobel Prize winners for their discoveries concerning the activation of innate immunity, sharing it with Canadian-born Ralph Steinman for his discovery of the dendritic cell and its role in adaptive immunity. Bruce Beutler was born in Chicago in December 1957. After postdoctoral training at the University of Marburg, West Germany, he returned to Strasbourg to head a research laboratory from 1974 to 2009. He has also served as director of the Institute for Molecular Cell Biology in Strasbourg and during 2007-2008 as President of the French National Academy of Sciences. Ralph Steinman, 68, is the Henry G. Kunkel Professor at the Rockefeller University in New York and a senior physician at the university’s hospital. His research in cell biology has been focused on the immune system, including the human immune system in the setting of several diseases. Steinman was born in Montreal, Canada in January 1943. He became professor of immunology in Rockefeller University from 1988, and is also director of its Center for Immunology and Immune Diseases.
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